Italian referendum : Gold confounds – again


Here’s a lightly edited version of my thoughts on gold’s contrary reaction to the result of the recent Italian referendum which led to the resignation of Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.  Article was published on (I publish articles on Sharps Pixley as I generate a small amount of income whereas I have not tried to commercialise lawrieongold which comes to you free of charge.)

I suppose we should have expected it after the Brexit vote and the Donald Trump US Presidential vote result, but yet again a plebiscite, whose result would normally have been expected to give a significant boost to the gold price appears to have had the opposite effect.  This time it was the Italian referendum which saw a significant defeat for would-be reformist Prime Minister, Matteo Renzi, and his as-promised subsequent resignation.  True, as with the Trump and Brexit votes, once it became apparent which…

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Copper Broke Lower As Expected

COPPER TODAY – Further upside capped by DTL off September 2015 high

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By Andy Farida, +44 (0)1722 439411
Short term: Down
Medium term: Up
Long term: Down
R1 4889 September high
R2 5032 July high
R3 5091 April high
R4 5131 March high
R5 5358 October 2015 high
S1 4782 20 DMA
S2 4761 50 DMA
S3 4631 April low
S4 4492 78.6% Fibo Jan low to March high
S5 4483.50 June low
S6 4430 February low
S7 4318 Low so far
DMA = Daily moving average

Fibo = Fibonacci retracement level

RSI = Relative strength index

H&S = head-and-shoulder formation



  • The zoomed-out daily chart continues to show a very subdued rally that is capped by the DTL off the September 2015 high. This has acted as a strong ceiling, stopping the advance in copper prices beyond the thin red line.
  • Bulls have tried to break above it on numerous occasions and it seems that it will continue to erode. If a break higher materialises, the move will be a very powerful one. But copper prices will be damaged buy a break below the DTL off the January low.
  • The prevailing price structure as well as the technical indicators resemble the set-up of the May sell-off (see daily chart). Should we see a repeat, copper prices could fall – the daily RSI is already treading lower, followed by the weakening stochastic lines.
  • Meanwhile, nearby support comes from the 20 DMA and then the 50 and 100 DMAs.

Macro drivers

With China away on a week-long national holiday, the base metals seem to have stalled and lack the impetus to break higher. As well, better-than-expected economic data out of the US has firmed the dollar, further raising the probability of a rate rise as early as November. An in crease could affect access to cheap finance and raise the cost of financing. Against such as backdrop, base metals might continue to consolidate lower.

Copper’s net long fund position is seeing big shift while money managers grow more confident about being bullish. Fresh buying has outpaced selling at 7,953 lots and 4,628 lots respectively for a rise in the NLFP to 41,995 lots. At the current rate, it has the previous high at 48,190 lots in it sights.

A well-supplied market and readily available secondary material are forcing physical premiums lower in the US. “We have cathode to sell but no one is paying even 5.5 cents,” one US market participant said. In Asia, premiums are unchanged.

Sporadic large inflows to Asian LME-listed warehouses have kept total LME stocks elevated at 359,725 tonnes. Available stocks edged slightly higher to 283,425 tonnes. With no dominant warrant holder, the contango in the c/3s has widened to $21.25 – lending capacity is far more relaxed.


Copper is consolidating again after finding fresh supply from the DTL off the September 2015 high. For bulls to advance, this resistance needs to be broken. Otherwise, there is a risk of a retest of the January low UTL.

All trades or trading strategies mentioned in the report are hypothetical, for illustration only and do not constitute trading recommendations.
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NICKEL TODAY – Bear flag triggered – more price weakness possible

12th September, 2016 10:54 AM by

Short Term:
Medium Term:
Long Term:
R1 9145 June high
R2 9480 March high
R3 10785 October 2015 high
R4 10119 20 DMA
R5 10302 50 DMA
R6 10900 Current high
S1 9601 100 DMA
S2 9700 May high
S3 8245 April low
S4 8100 January low
S5 7550 February low
Legend:UTL = Uptrend line

DTL = Downtrend line

Fibo = Fibonacci retracement level

RSI = Relative strength index

DMA = Daily moving average

H&S = Head-and-shoulder pattern

Technical Comment


  • Nickel consolidated higher but found overhead resistance after retracing 50 percent of the recent sell-off.
  • This is a key technical rejection, followed by the break below the confirmed bear flag formation.
  • The overall structure in the short term remains bearish and we cannot rule out an AB = CD move (see daily chart).
  • The daily RSI has already touched the DTL and turned lower again, confirming that this is strong technical resistance.
  • Meanwhile, the stochastic lines are getting set up for further price weakness – selling interest has picked up.

Macro drivers

The Asian market is set to remain rather quiet this week, with holidays in Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore for Hari Raya Haji and then in China and Taiwan for the mid-Autumn festival. Chinese industrial production is due tomorrow; this should offer market participants further clues on how well the world’s second-largest economy is performing. The global equity market seems to have finally got the memo that there is quite a high possibility of the US raising rates this month. The January-February sell-off after the December 2015 rate increase is fresh in the memory. Still, the equity sell-off may well be profit taking that reflects seasonal weakness rather than a market correction as many feared. After all, global central banks are in this together and have a shared interest in provide sufficient and necessary easing to maintain a cohesive global recovery.

Nickel’s net long fund position (NLFP) has been rather resilient but remains vulnerable to profit taking. After a strong run, the NLFP appears to be plateauing – perhaps money managers are reassessing their positions. The recent price weakness may prompt further liquidation and could persuade short sellers to build their positions. We await the next NLFP update for confirmation.

Shorts are concentrated in the September contract, with four entities collectively holding a minimum 35 percent of the open interest. There are three entities holding longs but only at 15 percent – this is not enough to cover if shorts roll over their positions. Tightness is showing up in the nearby spreads – the contango in the c/3s at $44.25 is down from $55.00 at the start of last week. The presence of a dominant warrant holder at 30-39 percent could tighten the spreads further if the metal is in tight hands.

A narrowing contango in the c/3s is also attracting some metal back to LME-listed warehouses. There is two-way flow, with 546 tonnes arriving and 726 tonnes of outflow but LME stocks for the year is still lower on net. They peaked at January 2016 at 450,000 tonnes and now total 367,752 tonnes while available stocks are at 245,730 tonnes. With no immediate sign of a reversal in the LME stocks, the declining trend may well provide some price support.

Other development

Regina Lopez, the environmental and natural resources secretary of the Philippines, suggested in her latest commentary that “there will absolutely be more suspensions due to environmental reasons” – 10 mines have already been suspended since the start of the audit, with the newly elected Philippine government determined to raise mining standards.

There has been some talk that Indonesia may temporarily relax its ban on the export of nickel ores for those companies that are at advanced stages of building downstream NPI capacity but that need to raise money to finance the projects. Since nickel prices have continued to rebound despite this possibility, the market does not seem to expect much to come of it. In a way, Indonesian nickel miners have already suffered more than two-and-a-half years of pain since the ban was introduced and are only now starting to benefit from exporting NPI so it seems counter-productive to turn on the ore export taps again.


Prices remain in an uptrend after nickel maintained higher highs and lows since the start of 2016. The nickel market swung to a deficit of 21,200 tonnes in the first five months of 2016, the latest INSG figures show. If this trend continues, it should underpin nickel prices and potentially set up further rallies.

But we foresee near-term price weakness due to several factors:

All trades or trading strategies mentioned in the report are hypothetical, for illustration only and do not constitute trading recommendations.

Equity – Profit Taking But…


The images that we have shared has truly shared our views of global central banks. With hindsight, it does seems that their intervention has had its good and bad days. Let us review the reasons and what consequences it might bring.

  1. Trigger Happy


  • who can blame Mr Carney and the BOE on additional stimulus when the public and most market participants are mislead that the so called gloom and doom BREXIT will have such a negative impact on the market
  • why has the BOE and other central banks taken the stance to go all in to support the financial market pre-crisis level?
  • looking back, if they failed to provide the necessary buffer – will we see a meltdown made by the UK public? Perhaps global leaders are not ready for such scenario
  • going all in at that time has supported the financial market and revived the case of inflated assets which many would think slightly overpriced – but the buying continues since there are plenty of fresh QE money
  • further promises are made by the banks of further rate cuts to more QEs – looks like the BOE is no better from BOJ

2. Other QE tools

  • global central banks admitted that they might have run out of stimulus programs or tools
  • fiscal spending and talks of increasing infrastructure spending in the US and China should help boost the global economy again
  • BOJ is considering the unconventional Helicopter Money but this is far too early – nonetheless other central banks such as SNB is thinking to implement such tool
  •  2017 promises to be quiet an unconventional year by central banks as they transitioned into the 9th year of slow growth and heavily induced economy thanks to QE programmes

Baltic Dry Index.png

3. US Election & Italian Referendum

  • do we really have to choose between the two?
  • Renzi taking a huge battle but the underlying problem is not solve yet
  • Greece could resurface – Germany is facing pressure of anti-establishment
  • European leaders are busy talking about Brexit but things are moving very slowly
  • political and economical instability is looming with no changes or contingencies
  • these are some reasons that the US Fed can use to delay a 2016 rate hike


4. The Show Must Go On

  • what other choices does global central bank has now that it put all the chips on the table?
  • more QE seems to be the best tool
  • in search of greater yield – there is a strong tendency that global equity market should and could remain elevated for a long time
  • precious metals may offer an alternative form of diversification
  • strong rally and strong correction will be a norm but what seems to be clear is that there is no real solution unless there is a reset button


5. Final Consequences

  • well how shall we start this? we are not fortune tellers so we truly do not know
  • aren’t we in all this together? yes we are but the global income instability will only stretch further and we are afraid social inequality is set to rise
  • global peace hanging by a thread due to over globalization and the chosen few? well put yourself in a position where you have a lot of money and power – what will you do? stick with the status quo and ignore everyone else might just be the best option to take or perhaps new innovation or distribution of wealth by those few chosen to appease the crowd
  • we truly do not know but shall leave that as a thought

Image result for global income inequality over time

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